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Methods of carpet cleaning

A clean carpet is important both for the appearance of your home and the health of the people who live in it. Stains and dingy carpet can detract from a peaceful atmosphere, while allergens and dirt can contribute to respiratory problems. There are a number of ways to clean carpet, depending on the nature of the mess.

Method 1
Vacuuming Your Carpet

step 1

Prepare the room to be vacuumed. Pick up any toys, papers or other objects that will obstruct the passage of the vacuum cleaner.
Check for small items like coins that might damage the mechanism.
Remember to look under furniture
Dust the blinds, furniture, windowsills, and baseboards first. The falling dust can then be vacuumed up.
step 2
Use a nozzle attachment to clean hard to reach areas. The edges of the carpets and the baseboards often collect dust which should first be removed.
If furniture cannot be moved, use the cranny extension to reach under couches and other pieces to remove dust bunnies.
step 3
Vacuum both horizontally and vertically. First vacuum the entire room forward and back, then repeat the process going left to right. Carpet fibers are typically twisted, and by going both directions you can ensure that every part of the fiber has been reached.
This can especially be helpful if you have pets because it will remove dander and hair.
Step 4
Vacuum regularly. How “regularly” will depend on a few factors. In general, it’s recommended to vacuum at least once a week per person in your household or roughly 20 pounds of pet. For example, a couple with two cats should vacuum three times a week. A single person with a 60 pound dog should vacuum four times a week. Remember that one of the main reasons to vacuum is to remove hair and dander. A large pet will usually produce more of both compared to a smaller one.
If your carpet is visibly soiled with dirt or pet hair but isn’t due for cleaning, forget this rule of thumb and vacuum more often.

Method 2
Spot Cleaning Your Carpet


step 1
Use a clean white cloth. Rags that have patterns or have been dyed may transfer the color to your carpet, compounding the problem. Paper towels that do not have patterns may also be an adequate solution.
Be sure to first blot fresh stains dry with a clean white cloth. Use an additional clean white cloth when removing the stain left behind after you blot.
Do not use bristles or brushes as these can damage the fibers of the carpet leaving frayed carpet.
Spot cleaning is for recent spills on a small part of your carpet. It is not part of regular carpet maintenance.
step 2
Pick the right carpet cleaner. There are a variety of commercial carpet detergents available. They typically come in spray bottles or cans to make spot cleaning easier. While there are many “all purpose” removers to choose from, read the label to determine if a particular cleaner is right for your stain and carpet type. Keep in mind that stains caused by bodily fluids will often need special attention.
If you’re dealing with a fresh blood stain, blot it with cold water or hydrogen peroxide. Do not use warm water, as this will set the stain. For a dry stain, first blot with hydrogen peroxide and follow up with an enzyme-based detergent.
For pet urine, use an enzyme-based cleaner specifically designed for this type of stain. If you are unable to find such a cleaner, blot fresh stains with an ammonia solution followed by a detergent and warm water. Set stains can be lifted with a 1/3 vinegar in water solution. Like fresh stains, follow up with a detergent and finish with water.[6]
step 3
Test the cleaning product on a small inconspicuous part of the carpet. Following the directions on the bottle, try it out in a discreet place. Some products may be inappropriate for your carpet, so it is best to test it first. A scrap of carpet or a rarely seen place such as the interior of a closet are good places for testing cleaners.
Do not do this test on the stain itself. Its purpose is to check for the carpet’s colorfastness. If any dye comes off of your carpet or the cleaner itself leaves behind a stain, try a different one.
step 4
Dab the affected area. Apply a small amount of product to a clean white cloth and gently blot the stain. Use only enough product to treat the stain.
When it comes to carpets, more product is not better. If soap is left in the carpet it will attract dirt and leave a larger stain than before.
Avoid scrubbing the carpet. Pressing hard or rubbing vigorously can drive the stain deeper into the fibers.
step 5
Rinse the carpet. Using a fresh clean white cloth and water, soak up any remaining soap by blotting the treated area. Do not soak the carpet with water as it may be absorbed into the pad beneath, leading to problems with mold and mildew.
Allow the area to air dry completely. If it is a large stain or you used a large amount of water, run a fan or specialty carpet dryer next to the carpet to make it dry more quickly.